© A R Beer,2001 Return to Home page

Greenspace Management in Denmark and Sweden

Summary

The Danish experience

The Swedish experience

Regenerating greenspace in and near high density multi storey housing -
Case Studies

DENMARK
Aedalsparken
Gillesager
Hvidovre
Lyngby - Town Green
Mortenshupvej
Taestrup

 

SWEDEN
Alingsås
Angered
Bergsjön
Eriksbo
Gårdsten
Lomma  
Malmo-Holma
Malmo Bo01
Östra Uggledal

Return to COST C11 website

-------------------------------

 

Greenspace Management in Denmark and Sweden

Summary

The Danish experience

The Swedish experience

Regenerating greenspace in and near high density multi storey housing -
Case Studies

DENMARK
Aedalsparken
Gillesager
Hvidovre
Lyngby - Town Green
Mortenshupvej
Taestrup

 

SWEDEN
Alingsås
Angered
Bergsjön
Eriksbo
Gårdsten
Lomma  
Malmo-Holma
Malmo Bo01
Östra Uggledal

Return to COST C11 website

-------------------------------

 

Greenspace Management in Denmark and Sweden

Summary

The Danish experience

The Swedish experience

Regenerating greenspace in and near high density multi storey housing -
Case Studies

DENMARK
Aedalsparken
Gillesager
Hvidovre
Lyngby - Town Green
Mortenshupvej
Taestrup

 

SWEDEN
Alingsås
Angered
Bergsjön
Eriksbo
Gårdsten
Lomma  
Malmo-Holma
Malmo Bo01
Östra Uggledal

Return to COST C11 website

-------------------------------

Innovative solutions from Denmark and Sweden to the design, management and maintenance of urban greenspace -

with particular reference to high density housing areas and local public greenspace

Photographs (unless stated otherwise) and text © Anne R. Beer, Map21 Ltd, 2001, all rights reserved

Summary

Research for this project was undertaken in September 2001 to identify innovative solutions to greenspace management in urban areas in Sweden and Denmark. The research links in with a project being undertaken by the University of Sheffield, Department of Landscape, on the future of urban greenspace management in the UK. In particular, solutions which remove the cost burden of looking after greenspace from local authorities to a more local level were sought through the research in Denmark and Sweden. These countries were chosen because of the relatively high standard of greenspaces to be found within their cities. Why is this so and how have they succeed in maintaining such evidently high levels of greenspace management, given the economic cut backs in local authority budgets in the 1980s and early 1990s?

In considering innovative solutions to greenspace management in urban areas, it needs to be recognised that what is seen as innovative by visitors from one country is often not seen as such in another country. For instance in the Scandinavian situation, their method of funding social housing has been totally different from that in the UK for many decades, so that the role of the housing company has been critical in developing the local approaches to greenspace design, management and maintenance which have developed in Sweden and Denmark. This does not make their experience irrelevant, rather it can give us ideas for the future and do much to encourage us to believe that improvements are possible.

The findings of this short study are listed below. Any comments or additional information from readers would be very welcome. In particular, if you are aware of any innovative approaches to urban greenspace management in your country or any publications which deal with the issue, please contact the authors with details.

The authors, Anne Beer and Penny Draper would like to thank in particular Dr Bjorn Malbert of Chalmers University, Gothenburg, Dr Gunilla Lindholm and Tim Delshammar of the Swedish Agricultural University at Lund and Karen Attwell of the Danish Building and Urban Research Institute for the time they took to explain local greenspace issues within the national context, to help us identify the following case studies and to introduce us to a range of people able to inform us about what was happening on the various sites visited during the study tour.

Note: All the comments here are the authors and do not necessarily represent the opinions of the respondents or the organisation for which they work.

This report is in two parts: the national level greenspace management issues, and the case studies of regeneration and new build in high and low density housing, and the regeneration of local parks. (Click on the headings listed below for detailed information.)

GREENSPACE MANAGEMENT
National factors

The Danish experience - a discussion of the role of the housing companies in building, managing and maintaining urban greenspace, including data on the cost of regenerating the greenspaces of several high density housing schemes.

The Swedish experience - a discussion of changes in greenspace and housing in Sweden.

CASE STUDIES
Greenspace in
high density housing regeneration

Aedalsparken, Denmark - Example of the housing company working with the tenants to redesign bleak entrance areas and car parking, making them into pleasant and attractive greenspaces; regeneration funded by the housing company.

Bergsjön, Sweden - Example of an eco project, consisting of wetland, biological experiments, a farm for children and a recycling business. The involvement of women from the immigrant community in looking after greenhouses and making vegetable gardens.

Eriksbo, Gothenburg - Example of successful resident action in turning round a deteriorating housing estate. The changed role of the housing company.

Gårdsten, Gothenburg - Example of the residents' involvement in the maintenance of the flats and surrounding areas through representation on the Board and of the residents (high proportion of immigrants) also being involved in running greenhouses attached to their blocks.

Gillesager, Roedovre - Example of where the caretakers maintain the greenspace areas, bringing in outside contractors only when necessary.

Holma, Malmo - Example of where the tenants have totally redesigned their greenspaces with the aid of caretakers, who were specially selected by the housing company and trained to stimulate local action.  

Bredalspark, Hvidovre - Example of how a very skilful landscape architect with a high level of knowledge and plantsmanship can create a site which has withstood changes and remained of high quality over 50 years. Maintained by caretakers who work with the local community to decide on improvements.

Mortenshupvej,Hørsholm - Example of a renovation scheme where a high level of attention has been paid to recycling waste and stimulating the involvement of the inhabitants in this, as part of the regeneration of the greenspaces.

Östra Uggledal, Gothenburg - This example was chosen as it is a case study for the Greenscom project (an EU project investigating how different actors in the greenspace planning, design and maintenance process communicate with each other and how this influences what happens on the ground as a new development takes place).

Tåstrup, near Roskilde - Example of using discussions with inhabitants, supported by major injections of money from the housing company and the municipality, in an attempt to change the design of the external areas of a dense housing estate and make the place more liveable.

Greenspace in new high density, mixed development housing

Bo01 - City of Tomorrow - Malmo, Sweden - Example of a new city district designed as a sustainable urban unit. The impact of a "green point system" on the design of greenspace within the new housing.

Greenspace in low density housing

Alingsås, Sweden - Private gardens extending out into public greenspace, with the residents taking over responsibility for the management of part of the public space. 

Local open spaces and parks

Park made and managed by volunteers -
Lomma, Sweden - Example of how one interested resident can change everything and directly stimulate community voluntary action to redesign and maintain a local park adjacent to their housing area.

Park in process of redesign in relation to local people's demands -
Angered, Sweden - Example of a park in the process of redesign reflecting local people's demands.

A town and its greenspaces-
Lyngby, near Copenhagen - Example of the conventional "top down" approach to greenspace management in a small town where the maintenance is still done by city employees.

 

 

© Anne Beer, 2001

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Latest update : 5 Oct 2001