European Cooperation in the field of Scientific and Technical Research -

COST Action C11

Report of COST Action C11 - Greenstructure and Urban Planning

The findings of the COST C11 Action are being published as an EU- COST research report book (440 pages). This report will be available for purchase in 2005. For details - contact the COSTC11 chairman

The same version of the report is available here in an ebook format - each chapter can be downloaded independently. Please note: in this format, which is designed to allow the information to be downloaded speedily so that it can to be read on screen, the quality of the reproduction of the graphics inevitably suffers - any reader requiring to view higher quality images before the book is available is referred to the preliminary papers which were available online as part of the COST C11 action from 2004.

The work of the COST C11 Action involved participants from 15 european countries.

Any papers on this website may be downloaded by students and practitioners for research purposes. If they are quoted from in any document, the origin must always referenced - all rights reserved - ©COST C11 Action, 2005 and individual authors named on each paper.

Chapter One - Greenstructure and urban planning - Introduction - the purpose and findings - pages 1 to 39

IIntroduction, B. Duhem
Green structure and urban planning, general outcomes of Cost C11, S. Tjallingii

Chapter Two - Case studies in greenstructure planning - pages 40 to 131

The green structure of Sheffield, A. Beer
Contrasting green clothes in Marseilles city, A.C. Werquin
The Breda experience, the role of green structure in urban planning, S. Tjallingii
The green structure of Munich, the need for and risk of regional cooperation, B. Oppermann, S. Pauleit

Milan and the Regional green structure of Lombardy, M. Meriggi
Warsaw, problems of green structure planning and
management, E. Kaliszuk, B. Szulczewska
Rome case study, strategies for green structure planning and maintenance, L. Martincigh
Oslo, a vision for a sustainable future, S. Nyhuus, G. Grundt
Green structures of Ceske Budejovice, Czech Republic, I. Hanouskova


Chapter Three - An ecological approach to green structure planning - pages 132 to 216

Introduction, S. Pauleit
Green structure patterns, S. Pauleit and E. Kaliszuk
Biodiversity, I. Vähä-Piikkiö and O. Maijala
Green structure and water, S. Tjallingii
Climate and green structure planning, E. Kaliszuk and S. Pauleit
Green structure, farming and organic matter, E. Erhart
Pests and diseases, I. Hanouskova

Case studies - ecology and green structure planning:
Ceske Budejovjice, I. Hanouskova
Helsinki, I. Vähä-Piikkiö, O. Maijala
Herning, S. Guldager, U. Reeh
Munich, S. Pauleit
Oslo, S. Nyhuus
Utrecht, S. Tjallingii
Vienna, E. Erhart
Warsaw, E. Kaliszuk


Human issues and Policies - pages 217 to 398 

Chapter Four - Human issues and green structure planning - pages 217 to 316

Introduction, G. Lindholm
The origin of urban green structures, K. Jorgensen
The bird and the beast, philosophical concepts and dichotomies in planning the urban green, K. Lapintie
Eight experienced qualities in urban open spaces,P. Grahn
Role of urban green in the creation of prefered urban environments, K. Zaleckis
Leisure activities and natural spaces (Marseilles), A.C. Werquin
Environmental comfort in green urban spaces: design tools, G. Scudo
Valuing green structure, the use of hedonic models, J.M. Halleux
Qualities of agricultural land, evaluation of the multifunctionality, K. Wagner
The greenery in some French new towns, B. Duhem, A.C. Werquin
Urban planning for a quality dense green structure, Stockholm map and park programme, A. Stahle
A green-network, green structure and non motorized transport, L. Martincigh
Practices in planning and design of urban green areas in Belgium, P. Hanocq
"Green structure" -; the term discussion, E. Kaliszuk, B. Szulczewska
Conclusion, G. Lindholm

Chapter Five - Policies for green structure and urban planning - pages 317 to 398

Introduction, B. Oppermann

Case Studies - policies for green structure as applied to urban planning:
Inter-regional, regional or inter-municipal level and scale of green structure arrangements in Italy: Ticino Valley, M. Meriggi
The integration of forest doscourse in spatial planning: The Ghent Park Forest, Belgium, A. Van Herzele
Green structure planning in Madrid city and metropolitan Area, J.M. Chapa
Green planning as a prerequisite: Aarhus, Denmark, K. Attwell
The green fingers of Helsinki: Finland, M. Eronen
Protecting Mediterranean urban forms: Marseilles, France, A.C. Werquin
The Vistula valley case in Warsaw, Poland, B. Szulczewska
Redesign of the river Isar in Munich, Germany, B. Oppermann
Local participation in urban planning in Sweden, B. Malbert
A partnership approach to regenerating public greenspace in Sheffield: the role of the Sheffield Wildlife Trust, C. Harrison
Of 'green' policies and practices in the urbanized region, Biesland, Randstad, the Netherlands, M. Buizer


Chapter Six - Epilog - pages 399 tp 440

Papers by key-note speakers

Our policies for green structures in urban planning, J. Bendl
Green areas and the quality of life of elderly people , C. Costanzi
Green structures : refuges of habitat diversity in cities, T. Kucera
Explicit green systems and implicit green structures, S. Schöbel
Space in European cities -; past, present and future, R. Stiles
Community planning for functional green public spaces, M.Vesely

Conclusion - the final debate
Green structure and urban development, issues of the debate session, S. Tjallingii


Neither the European Commission nor any person acting on behalf of the Commission including all the authors of any of the papers produced during the COSTC11 action and the website managers for COSTC11 is responsible for the use which might be made of the following information

Research group web-pages - including preliminary papers and case studies




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Updated 16 June 2005